- Professor Toshio Ohori
Introduction of the discussion
Cognitive linguistics defines cognition as an internal interpretation of the external world and takes a position to systematically describe and explain linguistic phenomena from human cognitive abilities.
Cognitive linguistics is characterized by searching for “cognitive motivation” based on the idea that “language is a product of cognition”.
Finding the problem
In cognitive linguistics, on the premise of the dualism of the “external world” (objective world) and the “inner world” (world recognized by humans), language is considered to reflect human perception of the external world.Here, the essential question for the cognitive linguistic school is why “this world where people live by manipulating languages” is not an “objective world” but a “world made up of our cognition”.
When and who saw the “objective world” independent of human perception? When and how did you compare the world that human recognition did not reach with the world recognized by humans?
In physics, what the cognitive linguistic school calls the “objective world” is actually just a world that humans have captured.
Humans cannot capture an objective world (external world) beyond cognitive ability. This is because the inner world captured by humans becomes the moment that humans capture. In other words, even a scientifically described world is just a scientifically captured world.
The dualism that the cognitive linguistics premise that humans perceive the outer world by cognitive ability and create the inner world by language does not hold in the first place.
I would like to reconstruct the starting point of cognitive linguistics by solving the contradiction of the dualism that the cognitive linguistic school is based on. Furthermore, I would like to try to construct a theory about the questions that today’s cognitive linguistics cannot explain.
Examining the conclusion
By studying with Professor Toshio Ohori, who is a leading expert in cognitive linguistics and has abundant research results with unique analytical viewing angles, I am sure that I could obtain various perspectives regarding my research and it would open up new horizons for me.
Therefore, I believe that Keio University’s Faculty of Environment and Information Studies is the most suitable place for pursuing my research and social contributions, and I am aspiring to enter your school and study in your laboratory.